Maturiteetti eli kypsyysnäyte

Criteria for maturity test language assessment

According to the Government Decree on University Degrees 794/2004, a student must demonstrate excellent language proficiency in the maturity test (i.e. the maturity essay). Excellent language proficiency encompasses mastery of the conventions of one’s discipline, correct text structure and use of concepts, the ability to write dialogic and coherent text, and mastery of linguistic norms.

The following text features are the focus of maturity test language assessment:

Text type and style

  • In the maturity test, students write an essay-type text. This means that they must have been able to relate the research problem of their thesis to a more general framework. The maturity essay is not, for example, an exam answer, a report, a humour piece, or a description or summary of a thesis or research plan. Because it is an essay, it cannot consist mainly of lists, figures, graphs, etc.
  • The maturity essay is an independent textual entity. The reader must be able to understand the text without being familiar with the thesis. The essay is written for a reader who knows the common mindset of the discipline but has not read the author’s thesis or study.
  • The maturity essay is a dialogic text written in a formal style. It demonstrates mastery of academic style. The style is used consistently, and the text does not contain, for example, colloquial expressions. The vocabulary shows that the author knows the concepts of the discipline.


  • The text is a harmonious and logical whole. It must follow the basic essay structure: a title; an introduction; a body, in which the topic is actually handled; and a conclusion. These parts of the text must be distinguished from each other.
  • The division into paragraphs expresses the structure of the text, and there is cohesion in the paragraphs and between them. Division into paragraphs is clearly indicated.
  • The text focuses on the topic and perspective defined in the title.

Sentences and clauses

  • Sentence and clause structures are varied and fluent. The text does not consist primarily of main clauses, and similar sentence and clause structures are not continuously repeated.
  • Sentence and clause structures comply with the recommendations for correct usage. There are no errors in word order, pointing, subject-predicate agreement, case government, and so on.

Linguistic form

  • The text complies with English spelling rules regarding, for example, compounds, punctuation and capitalisation.
  • The student’s handwriting should be clear enough for the reader to distinguish the aforementioned issues.

Criteria for a fail

A failed maturity test usually has deficiencies in at least two of the aforementioned points. Occasional spelling mistakes alone do not lead to a fail. A statement is written on a failed maturity test, and a commented essay text is returned to the student. The statement and comments will help the student in writing a new maturity essay.



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